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Melissa Preddy

Veteran financial writer Melissa Preddy served as a business writer, editor and columnist for The Detroit News from 1995 to 2008, is a Michigan-based freelance journalist. She now works as a writer and editor for a medical research unit of the University of Michigan Medical School. Follow her daily posts. | E-mail: Melissa Preddy

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Will Family Dollar-Dollar Tree merger affect the local discount store scene?

Buzzing around on a little road trip recently, I was intrigued by the number of dollar stores occupying prime real estate in the small Midwestern towns and villages along my route.  Then I got home, flipped open a mass-market women’s magazine and noted that the fashion spread not only featured ensembles from major department stores and established apparel retailers, but a whole outfit made up of dollar-store clothing items.

Dollar Tree Family Dollar stores merger

Family Dollar stands to benefit from Dollar Tree's management expertise. Will consumers benefit?

Cue Monday and the big announcement that the Dollar Tree chain will be acquiring rival Family Dollar in an $8.5 billion deal that will meld the two companies into an industry leader, with 18,000 stores, surpassing the Dollar General chain which currently has about 35 percent of market share.

This Bloomberg Businessweek report notes that the two chains have had complementary strategies, with Dollar Tree focusing on a well-heeled suburban clientele while Family Dollar aimed for rural and urban customers with moderate incomes.  Their pricing strategies differed, too, with Family Dollar using a wider range of prices.

Last fall in a news release, the market research firm IBISWorld called the dollar & variety store segment one of the fastest-growing in the retail sector. In an April 2014 update, IBISWorld says it expects revenue growth to slow after this year, following a recession-fueled boon, but interestingly notes that the recession opened this market up to an increasing number of middle-income shoppers as bargain-hunting became more common.

That might be one local angle to pursue: The location and clientele of your area’s dollar stores vis a vis more upscale merchants and big-box chains. How has the dollar-store landscape changed in the past five years?  I know some have sprouted near me in some surprisingly affluent areas (and I note that city planners required upscale design to the dollar stores’ exteriors, as well, an interesting juxtaposition.)

Another way to localize the big merger is to talk with independent dollar-store operators; what will they do to survive against increasingly ubiquitous national chains?  IBISWorld says it expects more consolidation and for smaller operators to prepare for lower revenue than they’ve been accustomed to in recent years. Are your area’s independent operators – often family businesses – bracing or seeking new strategies?  One near me, for example, seems to have a more sparse inventory and greater focus on being a greeting-card and special occasion store, with fewer housewares offerings.

Talk with real-estate developers, strip center operators, downtown development authorities and other related parties about what they’re hearing and seeing from independent operators.  Has the opportunity to own a stand-alone or franchise dollar store dried up for small businesspersons?

And here is a really interesting CNBC article about the dollar store supply chain and how the merged chains will have purchasing power that can intimidate and exert price pressure even household names like Pepsi, Clorox and Hershey.  (And scare big-box retailers like Walmart and Target, who will have to compete on price with the more  powerful dollar emporia.)

Other ideas:

Groceries.  What are the pros and cons of buying groceries at dollar stores?  Here’s a Business Insider piece on “Three reasons why dollar stores are a huge threat to supermarkets,” I’m not sure I buy the premise but it’s worth checking in with grocers and food distributors about trends in pricing and offerings.

Price gimmicks.  As this CNN money article points out, not all items at dollar stores cost $1.  Poke around area dollar stores, is cost creep taking its toll?  Can some items actually be purchased for less elsewhere.

Here’s a Forbes column by Walter Loeb with some interesting food for thought on dollar-store strategy.


Helping readers make business sense of global turmoil

The growing drumbeat of global strife and spate of recent air disasters is casting a gloomier pall over economies worldwide, many of which already are mired in tepid recoveries in jobs and financial markets.

Soldiers with Rocket Launcher

Photo: Reuters

The escalating stream of bad news is becoming difficult to overlook even in locales seemingly unrelated to the military conflicts in Israel and Gaza, the Russian aggression in Ukraine and the awful airliner disasters in Taiwan, Mali and of course the two involving Malaysia airlines.  Other international issues are unnerving investors and consumers, like the U.S. evacuation of its Libya embassy and even a terror alert in Norway, among others.

It might be time to help local audiences make sense of how this plethora of adverse world events might ripple out to them.  It’s a challenging order if you don’t generally cover international affairs but if nothing else, this is a time to open a dialogue with local business leaders and company executives; a chance to have a conversation about their big-picture strategies and how global concerns affect them.  A few ideas you may wish to pursue:

Business impact.  Who loses, who benefits when international trade is jeopardized, either through sanctions or events like last week’s temporary ban on flights to Tel Aviv?  While the accelerated U.S. sanctions against Russia are designed not to hurt U.S. businesses, the White House said, you might want to start talking not only with business leaders but also industry trade groups about their concerns, particularly in energy, financial and manufacturing sectors.

And what about Russian-made goods sold here in the United States?  Here’s a report that says Russian-made AK-47 firearms are “flying off the shelves” of U.S. gun stores as weapons devotees fear supply issues; that would be something to check locally.  And as the European Union and the United States mull more sanctions, as the Wall Street Journal reports, what’s next?  Vodka? Caviar? Tourism?

Quiet Bengurion Airport

Photo: Travel Weekly

For context or just edification, here’s the U.S. treasury department’s website on sanctions with links to details about a variety of sanctions programs; you might peruse to see if any ongoing programs have local impact.

Investors.   Prices of gold have been waning lately as U.S. stock indices maintain record or near-record levels but as global strife continues, the traditional safe haven may be more appealing; ABC News reports that “Gold prices rise amid turmoil in Ukraine” although some Wall Street Journal commenters see the gains as a “knee-jerk reaction” and note that as the Fed telegraphs rising interest rates, gold will be hard-pressed to compete with better-paying bonds.  You might consider getting input from local fee-only financial advisors about what nervous individual investors can do if they’re worried about the effect of international strife on their retirement portfolios.

Meanwhile the U.S. dollar, another safe haven for international investors, is gaining – for a variety of both domestic and international reasons, as Reuters reports.  Good news for U.S. travelers abroad or those buying  imported goods; bad news for companies selling their wares abroad as a stronger dollar makes products more expensive to overseas buyers.  Again, an explainer on local gainers/losers as the dollars strengthens may be in order. 

And interestingly, CNBC reports that U.S. oil may join the dollar and gold as a refuge for investors worried about Russian supplies.

Travel.  Even the most stalwart flyer has to pause for a moment following the loss of several large passenger planes; CBS reports that “Trouble in the air causing fear of flying for many travelers,” and while most people probably will f orge on, it’s worth inquiring with airlines about cancelations from your market, and for evidence that any travelers are rebooking late summer, fall or holiday plans to domestic and/or driveable destinations. 


Prisoners as consumers: Behind bars is some big business

We write a lot about consumer demographics, from college students to young parents to Baby Boomers – but there’s one cohort of spenders that tends to get overlooked even though it comprises a pretty significant market:  Prisoners.

NBCNews recently ran a very interesting piece, “Prison inmates offer captive market for gadget makers,” that was rich with detail about the way ordinary objects like electric typewriters must be modified for sale in prison.   The article says prisoners buy a whopping  $750 million a year worth of “gizmos” – many of which must be encased in see-through plastic shells and secured with special screws to prevent their use for hiding contraband.

Pay to Stay prison program NBC News

A prisoner in this Pay-to-Stay jail program can pay for a little safety. Photo: NBC News

Making and modifying electronic gadgets for prisoners is a fascinating angle and an idea you can use as a springboard to a variety of stories about commerce behind bars.  It’s a growing market; according to this NAACP fact sheet, America’s incarcerated population quadrupled from about 500,000 to more than 2 million between 1980 and 2008.   And this recent story from The Economist points out not only the vast numbers of people imprisoned in the U.S., but what it calls the “bewildering array” of institutions used to lock up people, from state and federal prisons to local jails, youth detention centers, military centers and more.

Obviously the incarceration rate in the United States and the major commercial interests that may motivate it are separate and very serious stories.  But taking a look at commissary operations in the institutions in your area will illuminate a little-seen facet of life behind bars.

What are your region’s incarcerated people spending, and what are they spending it on?  Ask your state corrections department for commissary sales data; this 2010 report from the Texas Tribune, using figures obtained via FOIA, found that Texas prisoners were spending $95 million a year in that state alone, with the prison system raking in a 30 percent markup on most goods.  (One more way it’s expensive to be poor.)  Note the chart accompanying this story that breaks down spending in a variety of categories, from religious items to wellness products to chips and soft drinks.

What are the typical costs for extra clothing, and where does it come from? What are special manufacturing, processing, packaging and delivery concerns for vendors to commissary operations?

There appears to be quite a brisk business in supplying inmate commissaries; a quick Google search found several large players such as Keefe Supply Co. and McDaniel Supply Co. – and this piece last fall by the Decatur, Ill. Herald-Review says “Smaller dealers being pushed out of prison commissary contracts.”  Why not take a look at activity with commissary and canteen contracts in your state prison system, to see which firms are winning and which are losing business?

If you cover tech, there’s an angle for you here, too:  Software and consulting firms that provide and manage “inmate banking” systems that track commissary accounts, purchases, etc. – there seem to be quite a few services such as CommissaryDeposit.com that operate a sort of PayPal between prisoners and their supporters on the outside; find out which ones are in use in your neck of the woods and detail the procedures, fees and other parameters.  Does the prison operator get a cut of transaction costs?


The world of fandom – Comi-Cons – is ripe for financial stories

Clark Kent shows his Superman shirt under his dress shirt

A make-believe Clark Kent hints at his super powers. Photo: Kevin Dooley

What’s a multi-billion industry that draws celebrities, corporate exhibitors and hundreds of thousands of free-spending enthusiasts to events in multiple venues nationwide?

No, not talking about NASCAR, the NFL or the beauty pageant circuit.  The movement I’m thinking of is the world of fandom – comic cons (comic conventions)  cosplay (costumed role playing) and related activities that pay homage to pop culture icons, video game villians, comic book heroes and other aspects of the comic, anime and fantasy worlds.

If you haven’t investigated the economic impact of all of the above in your region, you might want to do so soon.  It’s a fast-growing sector of the entertainment/hobby world and this week’s mega conference, the Comic-Con International in San Diego, which expects more than 130,000 attendees, is the perfect springboard to a story about the local scene.   Hashtag

It’s a financial powerhouse; SDMetro.com says the three-year economic impact of Comic-Con in San Diego is more than $448 million.  I don’t know why this whole subculture has flown under the radar as long as it has, but it seems time for financial writers to sit up and take note. 

People looking through boxes of comic books.

Beyond the costumes and zombie walks, Comic-Con finds its roots in comic books. Photo: Kevin Dooley

Corporations sure have; here’s a recent article, for example, about the automaker Hyundai transforming one of its vehicles into a Zombie Survival Machine for last year’s New York comic con.    Hollywood is involving TV and movie franchises big-time – The Wrap says there are more than 2,400 credentialed media representatives heading to the show and gives a round-up of PR efforts like parties and hospitality suites.  And and according to this report from NPR, promoting the shows is becoming big business.  Lego is offering a limited edition Hobbit figure in San Diego, to show you how household names are involved.

Can you find any local companies exhibiting at Comic-Con International or other shows?  (Check expo directorieson event websites, to start.) 

Many regional conventions take place; here’s a sampling in one directory, UpcomingCons.com, from which you likely can find a nearby event in 2014 – and be sure to scroll to the bottom of the page; you’ll see a list of genre-specific cons for devotees of horror, sci-fi, anime and even literature for those who like authors of science fiction, mystery and other tomes.

This WFAA report from Dallasis a good example of a local take – the station reports that the comic con in its market has had to move to a larger venue sooner than anticipated to accommodate a surge in attendees; it jumped from 5,000 in 2002 to 25,000 in 2013.  And this May report from the Deseret News says “Salt Lake comic con building revenue, loyal fan base.” It’s got some good detail you can pursue about the metrics of staging a local show.

Nathan Fillion at Comic-Con 2014 Phoenix

Nathan Fillion, fromhe television series Firefly, is a big draw at regional Comic-Cons. Photo: Ruth Anderson

Whatever is compelling people to dress up like Trekkies, Trons, Hobbits and Wonder Woman, they aren’t stinting on the supplies. Check out this Business Insider video on “Here’s How Much Hardcore Geeks At Comic Con Spend On Costumes And Toys” for ideas; it’s also a great reminder of how this story naturally lends itself to multimedia presentation.

This author might be an interesting source: Tim Leong has published “Super Graphic: A Visual Guide to the Comic Book Universe” and judging by this review on i09 it offers a wealth of data on the industry, including attendance information.

Don’t forget about vendors; someone is selling all of these costume pieces and props.  I did a simple eBay search on ”Batman cosplay”, narrowing the location to within 50 miles of my ZIP code, and found a couple of sellers/stores that specialize in costumes and accessories; they’d make great profiles leading up to a local cosplay event.   



Microsoft layoff news prompts a look at job cuts

Word last week that Microsoft will be jettisoning 18,000 workers raises the specter of mass layoffs, a frequent occurrence several years ago but one we haven’t heard much about lately.

A few industries stand out in terms of recent job cut numbers, according to the outplacement firm Challenger Gray & Christmas; the firm’s monthly jobs cut report is a trove of data that will let you know how the industries on your beats rank in terms of layoff prevalence.  For example, Challenger’s June report notes that entertainment/leisure companies topped the list.  What does that say about consumers and discretionary spending?

Nokia Microsoft

More than two thirds of the up to 18,000 jobs that Microsoft said it would cut will come from Nokia groups. PHOTO: Reuters

Casinos, for example, are a struggling sector — in June, Caesar’s Entertainment closed down a big Harrah’s hotel-casino in the Tunica, Mississippi cluster of gambling halls; that cost an already struggling community 1,300 jobs and $40 million in annual payroll, according to a tourism official quoted by the Jackson (Miss.) Clarion-Ledger.  And in Atlantic City, which once enjoyed near-exclusivity as a gambling destination along with Las Vegas, the slump is pronounced: two casinos have announced plans to close by September and a third may follow; the race is on to find buyers to revive the properties and keep workers employed.  Other job cuts took place regionally. If you haven’t take a look at the casino or entertainment industry in your area lately, you might want to investigate the job scenario are nearby gambling venues.  Between the increasingly easy availability of slots in many states and consumer sentiment that just can’t gain traction, will more casinos become defunct?   You can use a story like this as an illustration of broader regional economic issues, beyond the single-industry focus.

Same for retail, transportation and other sectors.  And note that the Challenger report ranks job cuts by state and region; handy information for adding context to local economy stories.

Fortune jumped out with an interesting juxtaposition of graphics in “Microsoft’s layoffs are huge – or small – depending on how you look at it,” one represents the relative “size” of layoffs since 2000 by raw numbers, the other by layoff figures as a percentage of the companies’ total headcount; in that regard, it says, Microsoft actually ranks as one of the largest layoffs in recent years.


Unfortunately for all of us, the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics ceased tracking mass layoffs statistics (MLS) last fall as a result of budget sequestration; the agency’s mass layoff statistics site still is up with historical info, however, if you are looking for numbers for full years prior to 2013.  And the MLS program was a cooperative with states; you can contact your state labor department and find the office that reported stats to the BLS to see what they currently are tracking.

And of course, the U.S. Department of Labor’s WARN program – which stands for Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act – requires “companies with more than 100 workers to give 60 days notice of plant closings and mass layoffs.”  Sometimes you can get a heads’ up, and don’t forget unions and sometimes industry trade groups can be sources of interesting layoff news.

DailyJobCuts.com is a clearinghouse of sorts for layoff, bankruptcy and closings news – it’s not clear who’s running the site but it seems a decent source of leads, particularly for local or small/medium businesses; you might want to bookmark it.

From a corporate performance standpoint; here’s an  interesting Motley Fool article about an analysis of downsizers vs. companies that stayed intact through difficult periods; the “downsizers never outperform,” it notes.

You might want to take a look back at notable layoffs that affected big employers in your region; did the companies benefit from drastically slashing payroll or did sales, revenue and quality suffer. I know one person who works as a non-techie Hewlett-Packard employee; she’s literally doing the work that four people formerly did, knows her work quality is suffering, can never schedule more than one consecutive vacation day due to workload and says most of her colleagues are in similar boats.  Yet HP stock is still at less than half its peak and the revenue chart looks like freefall. Makes you wonder.

Why not assess the performance of big job-cutters in your region, and find employees affected in the past – where are they now?


Do $7 billion deals like Citigroup’s really help consumers?

Foreclosed home

This foreclosed home was found in Haymarket, Va. PHOTO: Andrew Taber

This week’s announcement of a federal government settlement with another major mortgage lender is reviving buzz about the mortgage messes that contributed to the economic meltdown, and might be something you’ll want to use a springboard to consumer stories about the home loan market.

The U.S. Department of Justice agreed to end its civil investigations of the lender and to let Citigroup pay $7 billion in fines and “consumer relief” as penance for what the DOJ says were misleading claims to investors about the risks of securities backed by subprime mortgage notes.

As the Associated Press reports,  “the Citigroup settlement comes months after a similar deal between the Justice Department and JPMorgan Chase & Co., the nation’s biggest bank. After months of negotiations, the bank last year agreed to pay $13 billion after an investigation into toxic mortgage-backed securities.”

And the Charlotte Observer notes that “After Citigroup settlement, all eyes on Bank of America” where reportedly talks with the justice department about that company’s role in the have stalled out.

In the past several years, lenders also have reached major settlements with government agencies over issues that came to light after the economic crash.  Several banks settled due to charges they discriminated against black or Hispanic would-be borrowers; others have been forced to pay reparations for shoddy mortgage servicing practices that led to abusive foreclosures and other problems for borrowers and homeowners.

Most of the settlements include one or more elements of consumer relief – from adjusting mortgage balances to, in the case of the just-out Citigroup settlement, help with closing costs for people who lost previous homes and donations toward the construction of affordable housing.  All of the settlements include hefty federal fines and most allow for payments to state agencies or state attornies general.

citibank branch in the rain

Screenshot of AP video from HuffPost Live

But with tens of billions of dollars at play in these settlements – the Charlotte Observer story says Bank of America alone has spent $60 billion – yes, billion with a B – on legal fees, settlements and loan buy-back agreements – I have yet to read anything about any consumer actually benefiting from all of these investigations, negotiations and gyrations.  I think a “where are they now” piece, if you can find some consumers recovering from the effects of the mortgage crisis, could be quite illuminating.  (Particularly about the relative gains by consumers vs. attorneys, government agencies and other who reap dollars from such deals; it always seems, as with class action suits, that the consumer gets pennies on the dollar compared to other entitites.)

You probably can start with your state’s attorney general for pointers to individuals with valid claims under the settlements. (Keeping in mind there doesn’t seem to be central repository of information about all the bank settlements, the AG is probably your closest bet.)

According to Nolo.com, for example, consumer claims from the National Mortgage Settlement of 2012 – a whopping average check of $1,480 to those who lost their homes – have been paid out.

Here’s another informational site on joint state-federal mortgage servicing settlements; it has links to state level information that might help you.

I didn’t find a similar clearinghouse site for the discrimination settlements; again pursue those directly with the Department of Justice and your state’s attorney.

Here’s an interesting source of information:  The Financial Services Litigation Monitor, a blog published by the Perkins Coie LLC legal firm. It might be one to bookmark for a heads-up on other current industry issues.

And keep in mind that a number of scams arise any time these large settlements are announced; you might ask for an update on past enforcement and any caveats for consumers hearing about the recent deals with big banks.


What new finger-food trends are replacing cupcakes .. or are they?

The headline-making saga of the Crumbs Bake Shop company – the cupcake chain that closed all of its stores only to receive a last-minute reprieve from an investor group – suggests a few ideas for localizing food-related business stories.

The potential survival of the Crumbs chain is good news for its investors and workers, bad news for those trying to tout days-old Crumbs fare on eBay for $250.  But what does the stumble say about overall demand for the high-carb, high-sugar treats?  First stop, obviously, is a check-in with local and independent cupcake purveyors; the trend has been pronounced “officially dead” by The Week which give a brief history of the cupcake’s rise and fall and says Cronuts – a blend of croissant and donut – are the upcoming popular pastry.   The Wall Street Journal forecast the “battered” cupcake market (pardon the pun) last year; note the metrics so you can ask local shops about their daily sales, etc.  In hindsight: The Atlantic wrote of the death of the cupcake in RIP Cupcake, published Sept. 4, 2009. 

Clever Cupcakes on Flickr Cupcake living room

Montreal's Clever Cupcakes stages a pair in a tiny living room. PHOTO: Clever Cupcakes

This Arizona Republic take on the issue, “Arizona cupcake shops have weathered recession,” includes some fascinating info from the market research firm NPD group about national sales and prices of the sweet treats.  And FoodNavigatorUSA writes about the dangers of oversaturation and single-product specialties.  Here’s a Virginian-Pilot piece about a local baker’s backup plan in case the cupcake fad fades; she won’t say what she’s equipping her shops to produce but maybe you can get more information from your local entrepreneurs.

In addition to specialty cupcake stores, check out demand for cupcakes with grocers, regular bakeries, catering firms and wholesalers.  What’s on the wane and what’s gaining favor?  Check in with wholesale equipment suppliers and even craft stores and others that offer cooking classes and cake-decorating lessons, too.

Another tack for business writers:  What’s next after single-serve cakes?  Food trends shift as tastes become jaded and markets saturated but new opportunities for entrepreneurs are popping up all the time; here’s Forbes’ take on “7 business lessons from gourmet cupcakes.”   What’s heating up amid the lunch carts, food trucks and specialty prepared food retailers in your area?  Another place to find local food-related small businesspersons trying new innovations is the mall-based food court; here’s an  article from QSR, the trade publication for the quick-food industry, about “The New Food Court,” and  how the model is helping shopping centers fill vacant space.   Asian foods, fresh salsa and hot dogs on sticks are some of the cuisine mentioned. 

For ideas on what to look for, here’s a take from the London Guardian on one food retailer’s mission in Austin, Texas to find the next big snack; the article is a fun read but has some serious content about how consumer trends get rolling.

Here are some 2014 food trend ideas; looks like ice-cream sandwiches might become the sweet du jour.   And at the just-completed Fancy Food exposition in New York, items like smoked chocolate, beets and coconut were hot; are any local up-and-comers translating these taste sensations into finger foods that’ll give cupcakes a run for the money?   MarketWatch highlights advocado ice cream, half-popped popcorn kernels and other unusual items in its report on the Fancy Food show.


As highway fund is debated, how does the local business of road building fare?

The federal Highway Trust Fund is projected to run out of money on August 1.   Congress is as usual eschewing a long-term, sweeping vision in favor of a short-term patch.   According to Bloomberg, odds are that a House version of a transportation bill will make it to President Obama for signature.

With looming funding issues, it might be an opportune moment to check up on how roadwork monies trickle out to companies and individuals in your state or region – and what would happen if the cash flow dried up, even temporarily.

State highway crew

Slowdowns in major projects will affect smaller vendors, contractors.

State transportation department sites offer information about bids, awards and contracts that you can readily mine.  I think an interesting story would be to parse a single contract and illustrate in prose or a big graphic how the bottom-line dollar amount meanders through the economy.  How many sub-contractors are on the job?  How many workers got a slice of the funds?  What sort of equipment, consulting, engineering, etc. feeds into a small stretch of roadway or a bridge or drainage system?   What is the cost of each element, the profit margin for the contractors, and so on? 

Who owns the companies?  What sort of warranty is on the work – I’m sure we’ve all wondered who’s accountable when potholes appear on newly-paved roadways.

Here’s a primer from the Michigan Department of Transportation, “From plans to pavement: How a road is built,” that might arm you with additional questions to ask regarding the scope of local jobs.

Some states have handy vendor sites, like this one from Ohio that lists approved vendors (what is the approval process?) for elements of road construction ranging from guardrails to traffic signals to pre-cast concrete.  Some interesting small- and medium-sized business stories in there, no doubt – how are these firms affected by the ebb and flow of federal funds?   

If your state doesn’t provide a convenient list you still can parse out the subcontractors from public records or just by stopping at the side of the road where construction is taking place.  Are they worried about highway funding?  What happens if a fix isn’t found by next month?

Here’s the U.S. Department of Transportation’s online Highway Trust Fund ticker, which shows the dwindling funds in graphic form; the site also offers  a blog, social media links and an FAQ on “cash management procedures” should the August 1 deadline pass without a fix; you might need a veteran bureaucrat to translate but having those FAQs in hand will be helpful when asking your state transportation department officials and contractors about the local impact of a budget impasse.

Roads and Bridges is a trade publication and website with some interesting articles, links and editorials about the industry.  You can follow a variety of hashtags, too, like #FixTheTrustFund and #HighwayTrustFund for leads to other issues and sources. 

Trade groups and lobbying organizations like the American Road & Transportation Builders Association may be helpful or provide info about issues in your region.   There’s also an Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.


Jobs:  How does one get the job, of, say, stop-sign holder at the side of the road project?  What do they earn?  What’s the jobs outlook for roadway engineers, or heavy equipment drivers, or concrete “chemists?”  Is there really a shortage of experienced and qualified workers, as this story from the Rapid City Journal suggests?

Equipment:  What’s the latest trend in orange barrel technology?  What’s the strategy behind the placement of barrels and other traffic management equipment, and the science behind keeping traffic flowing in construction zones? 

Efficiency trends:  Night and weekend work seems to be on the rise. 

Technology:  Robot welders are being used in bridge repair – what else is being automated?

Green elements of road construction:  From the type of plantings used in roadside green space to geothermal heat for rest areas, what are some of the eco-friendly practices at work in the road construction industry?  What areas still have room for improvement?


Fresh peg on new domain names: “dot-vodka,” “dot-Christmas,” “dot-fail”

Looking for a business story that spans the corporate world, small companies and even consumers & personal finance?

The 2014 rollout of new top-level domain names is underway, but flying surprisingly under most radar screens.   If you haven’t yet written about the upcoming availability of hundreds of alternatives to good old .com and .net, you’ve got a fresh news peg in the release of the July batch.

As I wrote about back in March, the International Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which is sort of the sanctioning body of the Internet, has approved 1,400 new “generic top-level domain names” (or gTLD).


Here’s a brief primer on what TLDs are and here’s a link to an ICANN site about domain names; note there is a news blog, interviews with domain-name applicants and other food for thought.  Some of the new domain names appear to be global brands like Suzuki and BMW, which isn’t surprising.  Others point to well-known city names or large organizations and efforts such as “navy” and  “cancerresearch.”

But quite a few could be applicable to entrepreneurs, business persons and professionals right in your market, like “plumber,” “dentist,” “attorney,” “accountants,” “mortgage” and “loan.”  Why not check around with the related businesses on your beats; who’s up to speed on the domain name revolution and already taking advantage of it?  What’s it costing them and have they had any issues with domain-name squatters snapping up likely handles and then scalping them for profit?

New Domain Names Donuts Inc.

Image: Promotional video by Donuts Inc.

Other newly approved domain names have lots of possibilities for creative businesses and individuals, like “beer,” “Christmas,” “guru,” “recipes” and “bargains.”   And – speaking of holiday creep – there now is a “dot-BlackFriday” domain that no doubt soon will be rife with merchant ads.  And in rather eyebrow raising development, “WTF” also is a new gTLD. Domain Name Wire, an industry news source, offers other news and commentary that might lead you to local stories.

As mentioned before, some of the gTLDs lend themselves to creative website naming; instead of, say, “HomeCityBeer.com” a local brewery can dub its site “HomeCity.Beer.”   Talk with marketing and branding experts about how individuals and companies can best make use of the new leeway to customize web addresses.

And ask the big-name corporations in your area if they have any plans to change.  Would Delta, for example, go from a dot-com to a dot-flights?  I’d have to imagine the downsides of changing, for a well-established Fortune 500 company site, far outweigh the advantages.  But I’d bet a savvy firm would hedge its bets anyway; ask these companies about how many different domain names they’ve registered and if any are in practical use – i.e., if typed in will they redirect to the real site – or if they’re just being kept dormant for now.

This January article from the marketing size ClickZ says “half of the world’s top brands” will own their own name as a domain; an amusing list of which companies opted for that – and big names that didn’t – might prompt questions for your area’s corporations.  And check with trade groups as well as individual entities; this interesting article says the wine industry is protesting the gTLDs “wine” and “vin” fearing cyber squatting and counterfeiting.

Parents have been known to register domain names for their babies right after birth, but dot-com and dot-net probably weren’t too alluring.  Now that they can get “McKenna.guru” or “Jayden.Rocks,” who knows, demand may be picking up.  Check with parenting groups and domain registry firms about trends.  Here’s a Webroot article that urges a personal URL “will ensure branding opportunities and open doors for your child in the future.”   OK.  What parent wants to take the chance that little Abigail will have to settle for something blah like “dot-report,” or worse that she’ll select “dot-sexy” or “dot-tattoo” down the road?


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